Occupational health and safety (occupational health and safety) are areas related to the health, safety and well-being of people working in an institution or project site. The purpose of job security is for safety in the work environment, such as the using of Rockfall Protection & Snow Barriers that you can see at https://www.maccaferri.com/us/applications/rockfall-protection-snow-barriers/. Occupational safety and health also protects colleagues, workers’ families, consumers, and others who may also be affected by workplace conditions.
Occupational health and safety are important to morality, legality and finances. All organizations have an obligation to ensure that workers and others involved remain in safe condition at all times. The practice of occupational safety and health (occupational health safety) includes prevention, sanctioning, and compensation, as well as wound healing and care for workers and providing care Health and sick leave. Security and occupational health related to occupational health sciences, safety engineering, industrial engineering, chemistry, health physics, organizational and industrial psychology, ergonomics, and occupational health psychology.
Dangers in the workplace such as physical and mechanical harm
Physical harm is the main source of accidents in many industries. Such hazards may be inevitable in many industries such as construction and mining, but over time, humans develop security methods and procedures to manage those risks. Child labor faces a more specific problem than adult workers. Crashes are the most important occupational accidents and causes of death in the workplace, especially in construction, extraction, transportation, and building maintenance.
Machinery is a key component in industries such as manufacturing, mining, construction, and agriculture, and can endanger workers. Many machineries involving the removal of components at high speed, have sharp edges, hot surfaces, and other hazards that potentially crush, burn, cut, puncture, and inflict damage and injure workers if not used safely.
Narrow workplaces that have ventilation and limited entrance / exit, such as military tanks, aqueducts, etc. are also dangerous. Noise also provides its own dangers that can lead to hearing loss. Extreme heat temperatures are able to provide heat stress, fatigue, cramps, rashes, frowning safety glasses, dehydration, causing sweaty hands, dizziness, and others that can compromise work safety.In extreme cold temperatures, the risks faced are hypothermia, frostbite, Electrical shocks present dangerous risks such as electric shock, burns, and falls from electrical installation facilities
Occupational safety and health by industry
Specific occupational safety and health may vary across sectors and industries. Construction workers will require the prevention of falling hazards, while fishermen face the risk of drowning. The US Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics says that fisheries, aviation, timber, agriculture, mining, metalworking and transportation are the most dangerous industrial sectors.
Construction is one of the most dangerous jobs in the world, resulting in the greatest number of deaths among other sectors. The risk of falling is the highest cause of accidents. The use of adequate safety equipment such as guardrails and helmets, and the implementation of security procedures such as non-permanent ladders and scaffolding can reduce the risk of accidents. In 2010, the National Health Interview Survey identified organizational and psychosocial work factors and chemical / physical occupational exposures that were able to increase some of the risks in occupational safety and health. Among all construction workers in the United States, 44% have no working arrangement standards, while workers in other sectors are only 19%. In addition 55% of construction workers have insecurity experience at work, compared to 32% of workers in other sectors. 24% of construction workers are exposed to non-working smoke, compared to 10% of workers in other sectors.
Tractor with rollover protection system
Agricultural workers have a risk of injury, lung disease due to exposure to engine fumes, noise, skin diseases, and cancer caused by chemicals such as pesticides. In industrial agriculture, accidents involve the use of tools and agricultural machinery. The most common accidents are overturned tractors. Pesticides and other chemicals used in agriculture are also harmful to workers’ health, capable of causing disruption to the health of sex organs and abnormalities of infants.
The number of working hours of agricultural workers in the United States shows that 37% of workers have 48 hours of work a week, and 24% are working.